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Doctrine

Luke 1:27 – Mary, the Virgin

Premise

It would seem that a bible which left out the virgin birth of Jesus, that that bible would probably not be trustworthy. That’s just a premise, but, which bibles leave out “virgin” as it pertains to Mary and Christ’s virgin birth?

First of all, let’s look at Luke 1:27

The literal Greek translation of Luke 1:27 is as follows: “to a virgin, betrothed to a man, whose name is Joseph, of the house of David, and the name of the virgin is Mary.”

Second, here are the Greek words with their Strong references

The Interlinear Greek is as follows:

to
πρὸς (pros)
Preposition
Strong’s Greek 4314: To, towards, with. A strengthened form of pro; a preposition of direction; forward to, i.e. Toward.

a virgin
παρθένον (parthenon)
Noun – Accusative Feminine Singular
Strong’s Greek 3933: Of unknown origin; a maiden; by implication, an unmarried daughter.

pledged in marriage
ἐμνηστευμένην (emnēsteumenēn)
Verb – Perfect Participle Middle or Passive – Accusative Feminine Singular
Strong’s Greek 3423: To ask in marriage; pass: To be betrothed. From a derivative of mnaomai; to give a souvenir, i.e. Betroth.

to a man
ἀνδρὶ (andri)
Noun – Dative Masculine Singular
Strong’s Greek 435: A male human being; a man, husband. A primary word; a man.

named
ὄνομα (onoma)
Noun – Nominative Neuter Singular
Strong’s Greek 3686: Name, character, fame, reputation. From a presumed derivative of the base of ginosko; a ‘name’.

Joseph,
Ἰωσὴφ (Iōsēph)
Noun – Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong’s Greek 2501: Joseph, a proper name. Of Hebrew origin; Joseph, the name of seven Israelites.

[who was] of
ἐξ (ex)
Preposition
Strong’s Greek 1537: From out, out from among, from, suggesting from the interior outwards. A primary preposition denoting origin, from, out.

[the] house
οἴκου (oikou)
Noun – Genitive Masculine Singular
Strong’s Greek 3624: A dwelling; by implication, a family.

of David.
Δαυὶδ (Dauid)
Noun – Genitive Masculine Singular
Strong’s Greek 1138: David, King of Israel. Of Hebrew origin; Dabid, the Israelite king.

And
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong’s Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

the
τὸ (to)
Article – Nominative Neuter Singular
Strong’s Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

virgin’s
παρθένου (parthenou)
Noun – Genitive Feminine Singular
Strong’s Greek 3933: Of unknown origin; a maiden; by implication, an unmarried daughter.

name
ὄνομα (onoma)
Noun – Nominative Neuter Singular
Strong’s Greek 3686: Name, character, fame, reputation. From a presumed derivative of the base of ginosko; a ‘name’.

[was] Mary.
Μαριάμ (Mariam)
Noun – Nominative Feminine Singular
Strong’s Greek 3137: Or Mariam of Hebrew origin; Maria or Mariam, the name of six Christian females.

So, here is Luke 1:27 from various bible versions

New International Version
to a virgin pledged to be married to a man named Joseph, a descendant of David. The virgin’s name was Mary.

New Living Translation
to a virgin named Mary. She was engaged to be married to a man named Joseph, a descendant of King David.

English Standard Version
to a virgin betrothed to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David. And the virgin’s name was Mary.

Berean Study Bible
to a virgin pledged in marriage to a man named Joseph, who was of the house of David. And the virgin’s name was Mary.

Berean Literal Bible
to a virgin betrothed to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David. And the name of the virgin was Mary.

New American Standard Bible
to a virgin engaged to a man whose name was Joseph, of the descendants of David; and the virgin’s name was Mary.

King James Bible
To a virgin espoused to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David; and the virgin’s name was Mary.

Christian Standard Bible
to a virgin engaged to a man named Joseph, of the house of David. The virgin’s name was Mary.

Contemporary English Version
with a message for a virgin named Mary. She was engaged to Joseph from the family of King David.

Good News Translation
He had a message for a young woman promised in marriage to a man named Joseph, who was a descendant of King David. Her name was Mary.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
to a virgin engaged to a man named Joseph, of the house of David. The virgin’s name was Mary.

International Standard Version
to a virgin engaged to a man named Joseph, a descendant of David. The virgin’s name was Mary.

NET Bible
to a virgin engaged to a man whose name was Joseph, a descendant of David, and the virgin’s name was Mary.

New Heart English Bible
to a virgin pledged to be married to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David. The virgin’s name was Mary.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
To a virgin who was engaged to a man from the house of David, whose name was Yoseph, and the name of the virgin was Maryam.

GOD’S WORD® Translation
The angel went to a virgin promised in marriage to a descendant of David named Joseph. The virgin’s name was Mary.

New American Standard 1977
to a virgin engaged to a man whose name was Joseph, of the descendants of David; and the virgin’s name was Mary.

Jubilee Bible 2000
to a virgin espoused to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David and the virgin’s name was Mary.

King James 2000 Bible
To a virgin espoused to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David; and the virgin’s name was Mary.

American King James Version
To a virgin espoused to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David; and the virgin’s name was Mary.

American Standard Version
to a virgin betrothed to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David; and the virgin’s name was Mary.

Douay-Rheims Bible
To a virgin espoused to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David; and the virgin’s name was Mary.

Darby Bible Translation
to a virgin betrothed to a man whose name [was] Joseph, of the house of David; and the virgin’s name [was] Mary.

English Revised Version
to a virgin betrothed to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David; and the virgin’s name was Mary.

Webster’s Bible Translation
To a virgin espoused to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David; and the virgin’s name was Mary.

Weymouth New Testament
to a maiden betrothed to a man of the name of Joseph, a descendant of David. The maiden’s name was Mary.

World English Bible
to a virgin pledged to be married to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David. The virgin’s name was Mary.

Young’s Literal Translation
to a virgin, betrothed to a man, whose name is Joseph, of the house of David, and the name of the virgin is Mary.

Conclusion

Does this mean that all bibles listed above, except The Good News Translation and the Weymouth New Testament are okay? No. It does mean, however, that those two versions are certainly suspect. Omitting virgin with respect to Christs birth is a big deal.

Of 28 bibles listed, however, only 2 omit “virgin.” Two more versions, The New Living and the Contemporary English Version leave out the second reference – “the virgin’s name was Mary.” Not ideal, but these version are clearly not study bibles and are obviously more concerned with simplification than with substance and accuracy. Certainly, they are also suspect.

Some contend that Satan has perverted all bibles versions but theirs. There is certainly nothing wrong with a preferred bible version, to state, however, that only one version is valid and that all others are perverse is divisive and wrong. As Thomas Watson the 18th Century Puritan states, “We glorify God, by standing up for his truths…Some contend earnestly for trifles and ceremonies, but not for the truth.”

We need to ensure we contend for the truth in all we do, including bible versions, and avoid divisive trifles.

It should be remembered what John 20:31 says about the bible:

“…these have been written so that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and that believing you may have life in His name.”

And also, 2 Timothy 3:15:

you have known the sacred writings which are able to give you the wisdom that leads to salvation through faith which is in Christ Jesus.”

The purpose of bible is to “lead unto salvation,” not to cause disunity and division among others who use a different version.

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